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Training of scientific personnel

Training of scientific personnel

At the same time, were opened master's and doctoral courses, where graduate students improve their knowledge and skills. Currently the Agency has one PhD student (doctorate) and two traditional graduate students which are involved into in- date trainings (the Agency's long-term plan is in the Appendix 5). During this period, one Agency’s candidate (Mirsaidov I.) defended his doctoral thesis and 7 employees (Rakhmatov N., Nazarov F.A., Khamidov F.A., Yakubov Z.T., Khakerov I.Z., Barotov A M. and Khodzhiev S.) defended their candidate theses, two more employees (Azizov O., Misratov J.) presented theses for defense. Seven young professionals were hired at the Agency.
Prospects for the development of science will be developed on the basis of the goals of the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period up to 2030 and will focus on the rapid industrialization of the country, which is the fourth strategic goal of the country. In this regard, the Agency focused the Prospects for the development of its scientific activities on several areas. One of them is the preparation/developing the pool of highly qualified personnel in the field of radioecology, technology and development of radioactive substances, including uranium and radiation and nuclear safety.
For its implementation, a Regional Training Center was built and put into operation within the Agency, where specialists in the field of industry and medicine, science and education, and law enforcement agencies annually pass special training courses.
Last week, with the kind advice/recommendation and support of President of NAST, Academician Farhod Rahimi, were published valuable books that explore various aspects of our culture and Tajik civilization in various concepts.
The first book of the American Scientist Brad Gooch, entitled "The Secret of Rumi", translated by the Professor Parvona Jamshed, and according to a non-Tajik researcher, considered Vakhsh as the birthplace of Mavlono. This work, reflects the relationship of Mavlono's with Shamsi Tabrezi in a popular form that is currently exciting. The disappearance of Shams caused depression of Mavlono, therefore, Brad Gooch wrote: "Mavlono recovered from insanity, or maybe insanity was just an explanation that the people closest to him found to dispel grief after Shams left (disappearance)."
This occasion could lead to the creation of a gazelle, which includes the following verse:

Who yearns for demons and people.
The second book was written by NAST Corresponding Member, founder of systemic anthropology in the region Mahmadali Muzaffari and was published under the title "Systemic Anthropology". The author discussing and explaining the philosophy of anthropology, at the same time, presenting the ideas of the founder of Western anthropology, Max Scheler, and speaks following about the knowledge of Avestan anthropology: “According to Zarathustra, the fate of every person is in his hands, and there is nothing remain in the end but a set of thoughts, words and good deeds. Only the joint result of this trilogy can change the course of human destiny.”
Now, Western postmodernism has created a crisis of cultures, and as Oswald Spengler emphasizes, at a time when cultures cease to exist, the transition to civilization takes place. Arnold Toynbee opposes this idea, arguing that cultures are separate from civilizations. In this situation, the publication of these books is useful for reading by the citizens of our country and can answer many questions of our compatriots. This is due to the fact that modern sciences, such as philosophy of knowledge, philosophy of anthropology, philosophy of education and the similar sciences, are not yet included in the higher education system, while these sciences have emerged and spread in Europe since the second half of the last century.

Publishing activities/Publications

 

 

 

    In 2015-2020, the Agency's staff, together with scientists from the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, published more than 177 scientific and popular scientific articles in national and international journals (Appendix 6).

   Including publication of following monographs by Mirsaidov U.M., Badalov B. and Dymova T.N. "Thermal stability and thermodynamic characteristics of aluminum hydride", Mirsaidov U.M., D.М. Mirzoev, Kh. E. Boboev "Comprehensive processing of mudstones of kaolin clays of Tajikistan", Monograph. Dushanbe: Donish, 2016 .-- 92 p., Mirsaidov U.M., Kurbanov A.S., Mamadov E.D. “Acid decomposition of borosilicate ores”, Dushanbe: Donish. - 100 p., 2015., MirsaidovU.M., "The Issues of Radiation Safety in Tajikistan", Monograph. Dushanbe: Donish, 2019.-112 p., Mirsaidov U.M., Nazarov Kh.M., Khodzhiev S.K., Rakhmatov N.N., “Features of the extraction of uranium concentrates from ore and uranium-containing waters of Tajikistan”, Monograph, Dushanbe: Knowledge, 2019 .-- 250 p.

     Such a materials as “Collection of laws” and “Compilation of regulatory legal acts in the field of nuclear and radiation safety” were also published successfully.

 

 

 

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

    The Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety was created as an integral part of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, therefore one of its main tasks is to conduct research work (R&D, Research and development work). Such work will be carried out in the research sector. The Agency conducts research work on scientific topics "Physicochemical foundations of uranium mining from uranium ores and mineral waters" (RKD 01115 TJ 00470) and "Physicochemical foundations of radiation ecology, development of regional radioecological maps and radiation monitoring of bioecology in Tajikistan" (RKD 01115 TJ 00471).

     The coordination of research work is carried out by the chief researcher - Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor Ulmas Mirsaidov. The scientific topics of the agency are headed by doctors of sciences and professors - Badalov Abulkhair, Salomov Abdujabor, Nazarov Kholmurod and Mirsaidov Ilkhom. Several scientists, including 9 candidates of sciences, are working on the implementation of scientific tasks at the Agency.

    The researches were done in the course of the study of characteristics of mineral water and technical waste from the uranium industry. It was found that the water content of the Taboshar tunnel is 10 mg per liter, the inflow of water is 40 m3 / h, and the water of the Kiik-Tal deposit contains 25-30 mg of uranium per liter, pH is 7.0-7.5 and the inflow of water is 4.0- 4.5 m3 / hour. These values show that uranium can be extracted from the mineral and industrial waters of Taboshar and Kiik-Tal. The kinetics of the sorption (absorption) process of uranium separation from uranium industrial waste has already been studied. The high sorption capacity of the apricot shell was revealed in comparison with other sorbents. The optimal absorption parameters have been determined. The basic technological scheme of uranium extraction from mine waters and industrial waste waters of the uranium industry, which consists of the stages of acidification, absorption, cooking, leaching, settling, refining and drying have been already presented. A basic technological scheme was proposed and the optimal conditions for the process of handling uranium wastes were determined based on the research results.

    In this case, the process of dehydration of hexahydrauranyl nitrate, which takes place in the temperature range of 310-420 K and consists of three stages, is carried out with water separation at each stage. The possibility of obtaining U3O8 from hexahydratiuranyl nitrate and trihydratiuranyl sulfate has been shown.

    The thermal decomposition of UO2 (NO3) 2, which takes place in the temperature range of 430-750 K, consists of two stages. The process of dehydration of uranium sulfate trihydrate takes place in two stages in the temperature range of 320-420 ° C, where one washing takes place at the first stage of the process, and the process takes place in two washes at the second stage. The process of thermal decomposition of uranium sulfate occurs in one stage at a temperature range of 480-710K.

    The chemical schemes of individual (separate) stages of the process of dehydration and destruction of uranium compounds  and the thermal characteristics of these stages have been determined by the methods of X-ray phase, spectroscopic and tensometric analysis.

    There has been obtained more detailed information on the thermal and thermodynamic characteristics of crystalline hydrates, nitrate and sulfate uranium.

    A study of the radioecological situation in the regions of Tajikistan, including radioactive waste dumps in the north of Tajikistan, was carried out, as well as radiological map was succesfully compiled.

 

 

 

 

Intellectual property

 

 

 

 

    In 2015-2020, researchers of the Agency, together with scientists from the Institute of Chemistry named after V.I. Nikitina NAST presented their research paper for obtaining small patents. Patents were granted by the positive decision to the patents’ applications to following researchers:

1. Mirsaidov U.M., Gafurov B., Badalov A., Nasrulloev H., Khakyerov I. Method of hydrocarbons’ desoltification of rare earth metals. No. TJ 741. 11.24.2015.

2. Mirsaidov U. M., Akhmedov M. Z., Nazarov H. M., Rakhmatov N. N., Khakimov N. N., Mirsaidov I. U. Methods of extracting uranium from wells and sinks. Small patent No. TJ 743. 12.16.2015.

3. Mirsaidov U.M., Barotov A.M., Akhmedov M.Z., Yatimov P.M., Yakubov Z.T. How to make dichloride from danburite. Small patent No. TJ 749. 17.02.2016.

4. F.Khamidov, A. Badalov, U.M. Mirsaidov, M.Z. Akhmedov., Mirsaidov I.U. The method of decomposition of uranium compounds. Small patent. No. TJ 801. 28.10.2016

5. Nazarov Kh.M., Irmatov K.A., Mirsaidov I.U., Rakhmatov N.N., Akhmedov M.Z. Wastewater treatment method. Small Patent No. TJ 835.03.05. 2017 Nov.

6. Kurbanov A.S., Barotov A.M., Nazarov F.A., Davlatov D.O., Mirsaidov U.M. Method for processing borosilicate raw materials / Small patent No. TJ 848. - 02.10.2017.

7. Mirsaidov U.M., Badalov A., Akramov M.Yu. Azizov O.A. / Method of obtaining aluminum hydride by mechanochemical method. Small patent No. TJ 896 12.04.2018

8. Mirsaidov U.M., Nazarov Kh.M., Khodzhiyon S.K., Khojiyon M.K., Barotov B.B. Method for leaching of uranium ores. Small patent No. TJ 927. 13.10.2017.

9. Kurbanov AS, Barotov AM, Dzhuraev Yu. Kh., Nazarov Sh.B., Mirsaidov U. M. Method of obtaining glass with boron content. Small patent No. TJ 980. 21.11.2018

10. Boboerov M. D., Barotov B. B., Mirsaidov U., Khomidov F. A., Davlatnazarova M. D., Muminov S. V., Isoboev M. D. Methods of extracting uranium from mine waters. Small Patent No. TJ 1044. 05.06.2019

 

 

 

 

WINNER OF THE INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AWARD

 

 

 

   Ustod Mirzo Mulloahmad, Doctor of Philology, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, currently works as a senior researcher on the issues (problems) of the Middle and Near East in the Institute for Asian and European Studies of the National Academy of Science of Tajikistan.

   In addition, he is a member of the publishing bureau of the International Association of the National Academy of Sciences, the editorial board of the journal "Rudaki" (Tehran), the journal Cultural institution ECO (Tehran), the journal "Payemnomai farhang" (Bulletin of culture), a member of the scientific council "Doiratul maorifi insonshinosi" (Tehran) for the defense of doctoral dissertations at the Institute of Language and Literature named after Rudaki NAST , and is also the chairman of the Tajikistan-Iran Friendship Association.

   From 1969 to the present, he has been working at the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, during this time he was in the positions of a senior laboratory assistant, junior and senior researcher, head of a department, head of a department and deputy director of the Institute for Science, then head of the department of science of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan and deputy chief Scientific Secretary of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan.

   From 1971 to 1974 he did his PhD  in the Institute of Oriental Studies and Written Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, and in 1975 he defended his dissertation on the topic "Ejodiyoti Farrukhi" ("Creativity of Farrukh"). From 1978 to 1980 he worked as a translator from Persian in Iran. In 1993 he defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic "Raviyai "Bozgasht" dar adabiyoti asrhoi XVIII - XIX Eron" "The process of the Return? into the literature of Iran in the 18th - 19th centuries”, and in 2008 he was elected a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan.

   The field of scientific activity of Mirzo Mulloahmad is wide and covers the history of Tajik and Persian literature from ancient times to the present day, the literature of Iran and the East, the history of science and culture of the East, linguistics and literary and cultural ties of Tajikistan and the countries of the East.

   He is a well-known expert on the history of Tajik and Persian literature, and his scientific works were published in Moscow, Washington, Tehran, Baku, Mashhad, Berlin and others.

   For many years Mirzo Mulloahmad worked as the head of the department, deputy director of the Institute of Oriental Studies, head of the department and deputy chief scientific secretary of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan, as well as being a member of the Accreditation Commission of the Republic of Tajikistan, he contributed to the organization and development of science in the country.

   M. Mulloahmad also made a valuable contribution to the training of scientific personnel. Under his leadership and the direct guide, 16 people defended their Ph.D. theses, 5 people defended their doctoral dissertations and 5 people are are in pre-defense.

    Mirzo Mulloahmad is one of the authors of the academic publication of the “History of Iranian Literature in the 19th - 20th centuries” (Moscow, Nauka, 1999, 535 p.). His books “Yodi Yori mehrubon” (Tehran, 2001, p. 845), “Khuboni porsiguy” (Tehran, 2003), “Andarzhoi Rudaki” (Tehran, 2008), “Sadoi Osiyo” (“Voice of Asia”) (2011) attracted the attention of foreign readers and introduced them to Tajik-Iranian works. His scientific works as "Jang va sulh dar "Shohnoma" (War and peace in Shahname) (2005), "Rudaki va sukhanvaroni ham ruzgoriyu" (2008, co-authored), “Biyo, to jahonro ba bad nasparem” (2010), “Piromuni Rudaki va rudakishinoson” (2014), “Sayire dar olami eronshinosi” (Journey into the world of Iranian studies) (2014) can also be attached to the authoritative Iranian publications.

    Among his published scientific works: "Farrukhii Sistoni" (1978), "Nishot va Midzhmar" (1983), "Lyricai Adibulmamoliki Amiri" (1985), "Furugii Bastomi va gazaliotio" (1967), "Koonyi Sherozi" (1992), "Sunnathoi poydori davroni purbori adabiyot" (2008) in the editions "Donish", "Donish", "Inson. Adabiyot. Fargang" ("Human. Literature. Culture") (1993), "Rudaki va rudakishinoson" (2012) in the publishing house "Adib", "Payomi ahloqii Firdavsi" (2003), "Dar olami eronshinosi" ("In the world of Iranian studies") (2005), “Biyo, to jahonro ba bad nasparem” (2011) at the publishing house “Devashtich”, “Buzurgdoshti insoni nek” (2011) at the publishing house “Maorif va fargang” (“Education and Culture”) and others.

   Mirzo Mulloahmad also made a significant contribution to the study and publication of works of ancestors, such as "Kobusnoma" of Kaykovus (1979, 2007), "Ruboiyoti Umari Khayyom" ("Rubai of Umar Khayyam") (1983), "Barguzidai Ash'ori Shahriyor" ("Selected Poems of Shakhriyor") (co-authored, 1984, 2006), "Hikoyathoi navisandagoni muosiri Eron" ("Stories of modern Iranian writers") (co-authored, 1986, 1988), "Ruznomai safari Iskandarkul" Abdurahmoni Mustajir (co-authored, 1989), “Gulbongi navjavon" Lohuti (1991), "Andarznomai Rudaki" (1992), "Gazaliyoti Furugii Bastomi" (1993), "Donishnomai" Maysari (1999), "Andarznomai Hakim Nosiri Khusrav" (2003), "Dahunoma" (2003), “Gulchini devoni Hofiz” (2006), “Andarzhoi Jaloliddini Rumi” (2007), “Ashyori muntahab” (“Selected Poems”) by Abuabdullohi Rudaki (2008), “Dar partavi khurshed” (2011), “Hikmatnomai Nosiri Khusrav" (2013) and others.

   Mirzo Mulloahmad is the author of more than 550 scientific and popular scientific works, including 30 monographs and collections of scientific articles, 40 different collections of works of ancient and modern Persian writers, which were successfully published through his efforts.

   Mirzo Mulloahmad took an active part in the organization of scientific conferences and forums, including assisting in the promotion of the International Symposium "Hazorai “Shohnoma”-i Firdavsi” (1994) as Executive Secretary, 675th anniversary of Kamoli Khujandi (1996), “Tajribai ta’rikhii sulhi Tojikiston” (“Historical experience of the world in Tajikistan”) (2001), “Fifth International Conference of Teachers of Tajik and Persian Languages and Literature” (2006), “Rudaki and World Culture” (2008). He presented scientific papers at more than 50 international conferences and symposia held in different cities around the world. In particular, at the UN Hall in New York (June 18, 2008), he delivered a scientific speech on the topic "Rudaki - shoiri buzurgi bashardust" ("Rudaki - the great poet of mankind"). Rudakishinosi (studies on Rudaki) is one of the main directions of Mirzo Mulloahmad's scientific activity, and, thereby “Donishnomai Rudaki” (Rudaki Encyclopedia) was published in three volumes under his leadership.

    The simplicity, humility, kindness, respect and hard work of Ustod Mirzo Mulloahmad is an example for everyone that guides young people on the path of hard work, happiness, victory, self-knowledge and self-awareness. Having worked with Ustod side by side for ten years, I have never heard the Teacher address anyone (i) unrespectedly.

Ту худ сӯзӣ вале созӣ ту моро,

Талошу ҳимматат поянда бодо.

Tu hud suzi vale sozi tu moro,

Taloshu himmatat poyanda bodo.

Subhiddin Ziyoyev

Head of the Middle East Department

Institute for Asian and Europe studies,  NAST

 The festival-competition “Behtarini hizbi” (“Best Party”), where took part (attended) different nationalities and which was dedicated to the 27th anniversary of the PDPT on the initiative of the PDPT Executive Committee in the Shohmansur region was held in the hall of the Academic Opera and Ballet Theater named after Sadriddin Aini, on December 8, 2021. The event was opened by the first deputy chairman of the People's Democratic Party Azizi Abdujabbor Abdukahkhor, who noting firstly that the aforementioned "our" party has a worthy leader, and that, secondly, thanks to the supreme leader, every member of the party can have power and must use it in the interests of nation in such a way that the party could influence on various platforms of our time, otherwise it will be difficult for the party to find a place in the minds of citizens.

    Then, according to the results of the competition the winners were awarded commemorative awards and prizes in eleven nominations such as "Best Committee", "Best Propagandist", "Best Representative (Delegate)", "Best Reporter (Journalist)" and other nominations of the Best.

    In the nomination "Best Committee" the first place was taken by the Primary Executive Committee "Hiradmandon" of PDPT of NAST .

    In the nomination "The best reporter (journalist)" the first place was taken by the press secretary of the National Academy of Science, Mashrab Abdullah. In other words, the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan took two places in the festival-competition, which testifies to the responsibility of three deputy chairmen of the People's Democratic Party "Hiradmandon" in the National Academy of Science of Tajikistan, the researcher and historian of the party Shirin Kurbanova ...